Landscape painter James Fairman was born in Scotland in 1825 and brought to the United States at age 6. He studied at the National Academy in 1842 and exhibited drawings at the American Institute in 1844. He was in England in 1851. After two years service in the Civil War, he set up a studio in New York City where he remained until 1871. At that time, he left for Europe and spent the next ten years studying in Italy, France, Germany, and England. In the 1880’s he became a prominent critic and lecturer in the United States and taught at Olivet College. He painted throughout New England, from Connecticut to Maine. He died in 1904.